Make it a point to ‘check and verify web addresses

I was interviewed by The Star Newspaper on the issue of fake websites-

He said a fake website was usually poorly designed and used low resolution images.

“Some of the contents are also too good to be true.

“Some would also request for information such as login or password, which they normally do not ask,’’ he added.

“Your browser or a good virus scanner would also warn that the website you are visiting is a suspicious site,” said Foong.

Foong said those operating fake websites could be punished under, among others, the Penal Code and Trade Marks Act 1976.

The article did not reproduce my entire interview. For completeness, I will elaborate the further points above. Other than the above points to spot a fake website, one can spot a fake website by first looking at the URL. If the URL of the page is suspicious, the page is likely to be fake.

In respect of the offence, it may amount to cheating under s. 415 of the Penal Code. The website owner may also initiate an action for trade mark infringement and passing off against the operator. If the design, logo or image of the website owner is used, this could amount to copyright infringement.

In order to take action against these unknown websites operators, the website owner may file a complaint with the domain registrar or website hosting provider, or even those advertising the fake pages e.g. Facebook.

The website owner should also warn the public about the existence of these websites.

Cyber Laws Cases

I assisted the Bar Council Cyber Laws Committee to prepare this of cases relating to cyber laws. This list is taken from my draft manuscript for my next book “Information Technology and Cyber Laws of Malaysia“.

This list is intended to assist practitioners and members of the public in understanding cyber laws and information technology laws and to contribute to the development of such laws.

(A) Defamation and Other Actions

(1) Email

Nagandran Kalianna Gaundar (berniaga dibawah RAJU RESTOREN) v. Melinda Alison Monteiro & Ors [2011] 1 LNS 466 / [2011] 4 MLJ 224
Mox-Linde Gases Sdn Bhd & Anor v Wong Siew Yap [2015] 10 MLJ 413
Lye Eng Eng & Anor v Ho Kee Jin [2017] MLJU 521
Toh See Wei v. Teddric Jon Mohr & Anor [2017] 1 LNS 445 / [2017] 11 MLJ 67

(2) Facebook

Amber Court Management Corporation & Ors v Hong Gan Gui & Anor [2014] 1 LNS 1384
Foo Hiap Siong v Chong Chin Hsiang [2014] 1 LNS 1196
National Union of Bank Employees v Noorzeela Binti Lamin [2012] 9 MLJ 410
Salleh Berindi Bin Hj Othman v Abdul Hamid Ahmad & 4 Others [2014] 1 LNS 1611

(3) Twitter

Dato Seri Mohammad Nizar Bin Jamaluddin v Sistem Televisyen Malaysia & Anor [2013] 4 MLJ 448
Datuk Seri Mohammad Nizar Jamaluddin lwn. Utusan Melayu (M) Berhad [2013] 1 LNS 592

(4) Online Forum

Stemlife Berhad v Bristol Myers Squibb (M) Sdn Bhd [2008] MLJU 354
Stemlife Berhad v Mead Johnson Nutrian (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd [2013] 1 LNS 1446

(5) Blogs

Kho Whai Phiaw v Chong Chieng Jen [2009] 4 MLJ 103
Tong Seak Kan & Anor v Loke Ah Kin & Anor [2014] 6 CLJ 904
Datuk Seri Anwar Bin Ibrahim v Wan Muhammad Azri Bin Wan Deris [2014] 3 MLRH 21 / [2014] 9 MLJ 605

(6) Hyperlinks

The New Straits Times Press (M) Bhd & Ors v Ahirudin bin Attan [2008] 1 MLJ 814

(B) Criminal Law-Related

(1) Communications and Multimedia Act 1998

Nor Hisham Bin Osman v Pendakwaraya [2010] MLJU 1249
PP v. Muslim Ahmad [2013] 5 CLJ 822
PP v. Rutinin Suhaimin [2013] 2 CLJ 427
Rutinin Suhaimin v. PP [2015] 3 CLJ 838
Ahmad Abd Jalil lwn. PP [2015] 5 CLJ 480
Mohd Fahmi Redza Bin Mohd Zarin Lawan Pendakwa Raya dan Satu Lagi Kes [2017] MLJU 516
Nik Adib Bin Nik Mat v Public Prosecutor [2017] MLJU 1831

(2) Computer Crimes Act 1997

Basheer Ahmad Maula Sahul Hameed & Anor v Pendakwa Raya [2016] 9 MLJ 549
Roslan bin Mohamad Som & Anor v Pendakwa Raya [2016] 1 LNS 651
Rose Hanida Binti Long lwn Pendakwa Raya [2017] MLJU 1212
Kangaie Agilan Jammany lwn. PP [2017] 1 LNS 1640

(3) Other Crimes

Dato’ Ibrahim Ali v. Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim [2015] 1 CLJ 176
Tan Jye Lee & Anor v PP [2014] 1 LNS 860
PP v Yuneswaran a/l Ramaraj [2015] 6 MLJ 47
Reza Kianmehr v. PP [2013] 7 CLJ 265
Mat Shuhaimi bin Shafiei v Pendakwa Raya [2014] 2 MLJ 145

(C) Electronic Evidence

(1) Electronic Commerce Act 2006

Yam Kong Seng & Anor v Yee Weng Kai [2014] 6 CLJ 285

(2) Section 114A Evidence Act 1950

PP v. Rutinin Suhaimin [2013] 2 CLJ 427
Tong Seak Kan & Anor v Loke Ah Kim & Anor [2014] 6 CLJ 904
YB Dato Haji Husam bin HJ Musa v Mohd Faisal bin Rohban Ahmad [2015] MLJU 53
Stemlife Berhad v Mead Johnson Nutrian (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd [2013] 1 LNS 1446
Kangaie Agilan Jammany lwn. Pendakwa Raya [2017] 1 LNS 1640

(3) Wikipedia

Lee Lai Ching v Lim Hooi Teik [2013] 1 LNS 18
Etonic Garment Manufacturing Sdn Bhd v Kunn-G Freight System (M) Sdn Bhd [2010] 1 LNS 13
Pendakwa Raya v Murugan a/l Arumugam [2009] 1 LNS 1759

(4) Wayback Machine

Petroliam Nasional Bhd (Petronas) & Ors v. Khoo Nee Kiong [2003] 4 CLJ

(5) Google Maps

Eddy Salim & Ors v. Iskandar Regional Development Authority & Ors (No 2) [2017] 1 LNS 822

(6) Search Engine

Reka Setia Playground Sdn Bhd v Siow Wee Hong [2016] 1 lns 549

(7) Others

Menteri Dalam Negeri & Ors v. Titular Roman Catholic Archbishop Of Kuala Lumpur [2013] 8 CLJ 890
Tan Chow Cheang v Pendakwa Raya [2017] MLJU 1642

(8) Harassment

Mohd Ridzwan bin Abdul Razak v Asmah Binti HJ. Mohd Nor [2016] 4 MLJ 282

(9) Pre-Action Discovery

Stemlife Berhad v Bristol Myers Squibb (M) Sdn Bhd [2008] 1 LNS 273
Neoh Chong Po v Cari Internet Sdn Bhd [2009] 1 LNS 34

(10) Domain Names

Petrolium Nasional Bhd (Petronas) & Ors v Khoo Nee Kiong [2003] 4 CLJ 303

(D) FinTech

(1) Payment System

Tekun Nasional v Plentitude Drive (M) Sdn Bhd and another Appeal [2018] MLJU 516

(2) E-Hailing Services

Joe Vincent Singgoh v Commercial Vehicles Licensing Board Sabah 1 & Ors [2017] MLJU 800

(3) E-Commerce

Groupon Sdn Bhd v Tribunal Tuntutan Pengguna & Anor [2017] 7 MLJ 354
Groupon Sdn Bhd v Tribunal Pengguna & Anor [2016] 1 LNS 555
Groupon Sdn Bhd v Tribunal Pengguna & Anor [2016] 1 LNS 1009

(4) Viral Content

Public Prosecutor v Poovarasan Subramaniam & 2 Others [2017] 1 LNS 1009
Datuk Wira SM Faisal Sm Nasimuddin Kamal v Emilia Hanafi & Ors [2017] 1 LNS 1373
Synergistic Duo Sdn Bhd v Lai Mei Juan [2017] 9 CLJ 244


The government is just about ready to roll out legislation that will crack down on fake news. We mull over what this means- will controlling the internet stifle our freedom to exchange information? And can these laws really help solve the issue of fake news? What is fake news?

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Right to prevent processing for purposes of direct marketing

Pursuant to s. 43(1) of the Personal Data Protection Act 2010 (PDPA), a data subject may, at any time by notice in writing to a data user, require the data user at the end of such period as is reasonable in the circumstances to cease or not to begin processing his personal data for purposes of direct marketing.

In this regard, the Personal Data Protection Commissioner has recently issued two (2) template letters for data subjects to use when the latter-

(1) makes a request to a data user to cease the processing of his personal data for marketing purpose; or
(2) files an application to the Commissioner to require the data user to comply with the notice.

Pursuant to s. 43(4) of the PDPA, a data user who fails to comply with the requirement of the Commissioner commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding RM200,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or to both.

(1) Template notice to data user to prevent processing for purposes of direct marketing
(2) Template notice to Commissioner to cease or not to begin processing personal data for purposes of direct marketing.

1. “direct marketing” means the communication by whatever means of any advertising or marketing material which is directed to particular individuals
2. These templates merely serve only as a guide.

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